History

HISTORICAL SURVEY:   The SASA-II was established in 1990 to cater for the needs of Severely Mentally Handicapped (SMH) learners who were in special schools and after-care centers which were/are also referred to as “sheltered workshops”. Up until 1990 no sports provisions were made for learners with special needs.   It was the responsibility of the then National Department of Education, Arts and Science to cater for persons with special educational needs.  However, the National Education Department funded special education for whites.   It was in about 1974 that the “three parliamentary houses” came into existence and the House of Delegates initiated responsibility for mentally handicapped learners under the provision for “training” for SMH and the other education departments (House of Assembly and House of Representatives) followed. Thus education or “training” (as it was called) transferred to the education department. Up until that time, only whites were provided for. So historically, the learners with intellectually impairments fall under the education departments.   The National Education Department (for whites), prior to 1974 controlled special education for whites.With the establishment of the three houses (House of Assembly, House of Delegates and House of Representatives) these three bodies gave support to the sports body for SMH, called the South African Sports Association for the Severely Mentally Handicapped (SASA-SMH) – which later changed its name to South African Sports Association for the Intellectually Impaired (SASA-II)    These three parliamentary bodies could not provide funding.  Funding was provided by the Department of Sport on National Level in Pretoria. However the three houses gave full support in every other way, besides providing funding: • Attended all sports functions organized by SASA-II • Allowed staff and pupils to attend provincial, national and international sports events in school time • Allowed training and preparation of athletes to take place as part of the training (“education”) process of the SMH   STRUCTURE:    All nine the provinces in South-Africa are affiliated to SASA-II. A few schools / centers / workshops in the provinces are not yet affiliated to the provincial structure(s).  We would like to see all persons with an intellectual disability being part of SASA-II in the future.   99,9% of SASA-II officials are teachers and they are volunteers.  SASA-II is not yet “part” of all the National Federations.  Cricket SA is one of the Federations that support the Intellectually Impaired players. Football is trying to accommodate the Intellectual Impaired players in their development program.  Table Tennis South Africa included the Intellectually Impaired players in their planning for 2009.  ASA recognize SASA-II and are invited to their meetings. SASA-II is a member of SASCOC.      ELIGIBILITY: All persons\athletes that participate in SASA-II sanctioned events have to meet the eligibility criteria as prescribed by INAS.    Our athletes must be tested by a Psychologist and they are only eligible to take part if their IQ is below 75, they must have a limited adaptive behavior and they must be Intellectually Disabled before the age of 18.       NATIONAL EVENTS:   The codes that SASA-II is offering is been clustered into two Games.   • SA Summer Games with Blackball, Cricket, Hocker, Indoor Rowing, Swimming and Table Tennis are being organized in the first quarter of the year.  • SA Age Group / Open Games with athletics, basketball, cross country, football and netball been organized in the last quarter of the year. The reason for the specific times for the codes is because of the International year program.  World Championships and International events are usually taking place in the same time frames.   Two formats have been used for our SA Games: • SA Age Group Games each even year, e.g. 2006, 2008 .. . with age groups starting from u/13, u/15, u/17, u/19, u/25 and o/25 in athletics and swimming and junior and senior teams in basketball, cricket, cross country, football, netball and table tennis.  (Juniors younger than 16 years and Seniors 16 years and over) Blackball is any age group and Indoor Rowing is only athletes older than 16.  • SA Open Games in the alternate year, e.g. 2005, 2007… with only open events from the age of 16 years and above in athletics and swimming, only senior teams in basketball, cricket, cross country, football, netball and table tennis.  Blackball is any age group and Indoor Rowing is only athletes older than 16.  Hocker is been played only in the Development year and it’s a code for athletes with a multi- disability e.g. Intellectual & Physical Impairment      INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS\AFFILIATIONS:   SASA-II is affiliated to Inas (International Sport Federation for persons with an Intellectual Disability).  Inas promotes and develops sport for all people with an Intellectual Disability. Inas is affiliated to IPC (International Paralympics Committee).    Similarly SASA-II is also an affiliated member of Sports Union for Persons with Down syndrome (SU-DS). The aforementioned organization facilitates sporting opportunities for all persons with Down syndrome internationally.   # Information captured are constantly being revised.